Paying for long-term care for a loved one can be exceptionally expensive. A short stay in a rehabilitative center or a more permanent transition to a nursing facility can rapidly exhaust a family’s assets. When private insurance is no longer available, the federal government provides a safety net through the Medicaid program.
Medicaid is a health program for individuals with low income and few resources. Medicaid was created under Title XIX of the Social Security Act of 1965 and so is often called “Title XIX.” Medicaid eligibility has two major components:
• The applicant must have less than $2,000 in countable resources.
• The applicant must have a monthly income of no more $2,130 from all sources.
A spouse’s income is not considered available to the spouse who applies for Title XIX. The spouse who does not need care (called the “community spouse”) can keep part of the applicant’s income if the community spouse’s income is less than a certain dollar amount that is determined each year. This “minimum monthly maintenance needs allowance” is $2,898 per month in 2013.
When the couple applies for Medicaid, an assessment of their resources is made. The couple’s resources, regardless of ownership, are combined. The assets are then divided evenly between the spouses and adjusted so the community spouse has a minimum amount of assets. The community spouse is attributed assets called the “spousal share,” up to a maximum of $115,920 in 2013. Once resource eligibility is determined, any resources belonging to the community spouse are no longer considered available to the spouse in the medical facility.
In order to become Medicaid eligible, an applicant must have less than $2,000 in countable resources. The recipient is allowed to retain one vehicle, miscellaneous personal property and his or her homestead. Medicaid applicants often need to “spend down” their available resources following the attribution of resources.
The state employs a five-year look-back period when determining Medicaid eligibility. If the applicant transferred assets for less than fair market value at any time within 60 months of application, the value of the transferred asset will be imputed to the applicant. This means, for example, that an applicant cannot give away or re-title assets and then immediately apply for Title XIX benefits.
Applying for Medicaid for a spouse can be a daunting task and it is vital to get experienced help if you need it.
Information provided by Ross Barnett, attorney for Abendroth and Russell Law Firm, 2560 73rd St., Urbandale, 278-0623, www.ARPCLaw.com.